必修1元素化合物之间转化关系图

孙华龙】 发表于 2015-09-25 15:27:00 点击: 【字体: 收藏

写出列转化的化学方程式或离子方程式

Na

Na2O2

NaOH

NaCl

NaHCO3

Na2CO3

一、钠及其化合物之间的转化关系图

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

⑴、                                                                         

⑵、                                                                         

⑶、                                                                          

⑷、NaCl + NH4HCO3 == NaHCO3+ NH4Cl(侯德榜制碱法)

⑸、                                                                         

⑹、                                                                         

                                                                              

⑺、                                                                         

⑻、                                                                         

⑼、                                                                          

                                                                             

⑽、                                                                         

⑾、                                                                         

 

 

 

Al

Al2O3

AlCl3

Al(OH)3

NaAlO2

二、铝及其化合物之间的转化关系图

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

⑴、                                                                        

⑵、                                                                        

⑶、                                                                        

⑷、                                                                         

⑸、                                                                        

⑹、                                                                        

⑺、                                                                         

⑻、                                                                        

⑼、                                                                        

 

Fe

Fe2O3

FeCl3

FeCl2

Fe3O4

Fe(OH)3

Fe(OH)2

三、铁及其化合物之间的转化关系图

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

⑴、                                                                       

⑵、                                                                      

⑶、                                                                      

⑷、                                                                       

⑸、                                                                      

⑹、                                                                      

⑺、                                                                      

⑻、                                                                       

⑼、                                                                      

⑽、                                                                      

⑾、                                                                       

⑿、                                                                      

⒀、                                                                      

⒁、                                                                      

⒂、                                                                       

 

Si

SiO2

Na2SiO3

H2SiO3

SiF4

四、硅及其化合物之间的转化关系图

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

⑴、                                                                      

⑵、                                                                      

⑶、                                                                       

⑷、                                                                      

⑸、                                                                      

⑹、                                                                       

 

五、氯及其化合物之间的转化关系图

Cl2

HClO

NaClO

HCl

Ca(ClO)2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


⑴、                                                                      

⑵、                                                                      

⑶、                                                                      

⑷、                                                                      

⑸、                                                                      

⑹、                                                                      

⑺、                                                                       

⑻、                                                                      

 

六、硫及其化合物之间的转化关系图

S

SO2

SO3

H2SO4

Na2SO3

H2SO3

ZnSO4

 

 

 

 

 


⑴、                                                                       

⑵、                                                                        

⑶、                                                                       

⑷、                                                                       

⑸、                                                                        

⑹、                                                                       

⑺、                                                                       

                                                                            

                                                                            

 

 

 

 

 

七、氮及其化合物之间的转化关系图

N2

NO

NO2

HNO3

NH3

NH4Cl

NH3·H2O

 

 

 

 


⑴、                                                                       

⑵、                                                                       

⑶、                                                                        

⑷、                                                                       

⑸、                                                                       

⑹、                                                                        

⑺、                                                                       

⑻、                                                                       

⑼、                                                                       

⑽、                                                                        

                                                                            

⑾、